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Sonke siyazi ukuthi into yokuhlunga insimbi engagqwali ayinakho kuphela ukumelana nokugqwala okuhle, kepha futhi inokubukeka okuhle nezinye izici. Ububanzi besicelo sensimbi engenasici buningi kakhulu, futhi bungabonakala kuyo yonke indawo empilweni yethu. Yiziphi izici zezinto zokuhlunga zensimbi engagqwali?
Izici zomkhiqizo wento yokuhlunga yensimbi engagqwali ingahlukaniswa ngamaphuzu alandelayo:
(1) ukuhambisana kwamakhemikhali okuhle kakhulu, okulungele ukuhlunga ama-acid aqinile, izisekelo eziqinile namakhemikhali awuketshezi angokwemvelo.
(2) Ulwelwesi lokuhlunga luyisihlungi sesendlalelo esijulile esinendawo enkulu yokuhlunga.
(3) umehluko ophansi wengcindezi, amandla wokungcola aqinile nempilo ende yokusebenza.
(4) Inobubanzi obuningi bokuhlunga ngokunemba, futhi ingakhetha inkambu yohlelo lokusebenza lwento yokuhlunga.
(5) Imboni yezemithi: isici sokuhlunga insimbi engagqwali, ama-antibiotic ahlukahlukene nokunye okokuhlunga kwangaphambilini ketshezi.
(6) Imboni yokudla neziphuzo: ukuhlunga utshwala, amanzi amaminerali namanzi okuphuza.
(7) Imboni ye-Petroleum: isici sokuhlunga insimbi engagqwali, ukuhlunga umjovo wamanzi e-oilfield.
(8) Imboni ye-elekthronikhi: ubumsulwa bamanzi obuningi bokuhlunga kuqala.
(9) Imboni yamakhemikhali: ukuhlungwa kwamakhemikhali awuketshezi ahlukahlukene, ama-acid nama-alkalis.
Isici sesihlungi sensimbi esingenasici simelana nokugqwala okujwayelekile kwe-acid-base kanye ne-organic, ikakhulukazi efanelekayo kokuhlungwa kwegesi okuqukethe isulfure. Amandla aphezulu nokuqina okuhle kufanelekile ngemvelo yengcindezi ephezulu.


Isikhathi Iposi: Jul-09-2020